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# This article is part of the Center for Freedom of Information (CFOI)’s anti nuclear project which shares the information disclosed by KHNP regarding the unit price of nuclear, hydro and pumping energy.




  Two of the biggest reasons that the government admires nuclear energy are: safety and economic values. Korean nuclear power plants insist “safety” in any cases and extend their life even when there are frequent breakdown, accidents, corruptions and a nuclear disaster like Fukushima. In addition to this, they claim economic values saying that there is no other energy that are as cheap as nuclear energy and that can manage the power demand in Korea.

 

  The unit prices of settlement by fuel type can be found at the Electronic Power Statistics Information System ( http://www.kpx.or.kr/epsis/ ). As of March 2013 nuclear energy is cheaper compared to bituminous, anthracite, oil and LNG. Its increase rate of the unit price between 2004 and 2013 is also the lowest.






  It is possible to think that nuclear energy is indeed economically efficient since its unit price is cheap. So we requested information to the KNHP regarding their calculation method of the unit prices. For a better comparison, we requested the unit prices of hydro and pumping energy as well.

 

<Requested Information>

Calculation method of nuclear energy unit price of settlement (between 2003 and 2013)

 - Please disclose the information classifying capital, operation & maintenance cost, fuel cost, cost for accident countermeasures, subsidies for locating nuclear plants, R&D cost and other social costs

ex) unit price of settlement = operation & maintenance cost (x)+ fuel cost (x)+cost for accident countermeasures (x)+ subsidies for locating nuclear plants (x)+ R&D cost (x)+ other social costs etc.

 

  The answer of KNHP was “nondisclosure” as expected. The reason for their nondisclosure is that it is a trade secret. Although we didn’t expect much, their answer which contains only one word “nondisclosure” makes our attempt in vain.





 

  Recently Hyundai Research Institute produced a research paper named “the hidden costs of nuclear power plants”. According to this report, it is usually said that nuclear energy is economically efficient but that’s because there is something excluded in the process of fixing a unit price. It argues that the cost for incident countermeasures such as replacing components from frequent breakdown and incidents are included but considering the severely insufficient cost for dismantling the plant, environment restoration and the nuclear fuel after the use, the unit cost of nuclear energy can never be cheap.

 


< “Hidden costs of nuclear power plants” by Hyundai Research Institute >

 

Japan, who is spending several hundred trillion won for the aftermath of Fukushima nuclear accident of two years ago, estimates through the “verification committee” that the unit cost of nuclear energy last year increased up to 93% of fossil fuel. In addition, MIT in the U.S. published research findings in 2009 that nuclear energy is 36% more expensive than fossil fuel.

 

  Now we can see the studies that nuclear energy is not more economically efficient than other fuel sources. We can also realize that financial problems and a disaster for life and environment can occur in case of nuclear accidents such as Chernobyl and Fukushima.

 

  More certain sources supporting the safety and economic values of nuclear energy should be provided in order to convince the citizens who cannot get rid of distrust and insecurity. It is because the thing more important than the trade secret of KNHP is the right-to-life and right-to-know of the citizens.

Since the information KNHP provided is only one word nondisclosure and therefore it cannot be shared with the public, they should provide certain grounds that can support their argument. 



121101_원전의_숨겨진비용_현대경제연구원.pdf



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